Structured Cabling

Structured cabling design and installation is governed by a set of standards. These standards define how to lay the cabling in a manor, such that all outlets terminate at a central patch panel from where it can be determined exactly how these connections will be used. Each outlet can be patched into a data network switch, or into a telecom patch panel which forms a bridge into a (PBX) telephone system, thus making the connection a voice port. Lines patched  as data ports into a network switch require simple straight-through patch cables at the other end to connect a computer or other network device.

It is common to color code patch panel cables to identify the type of connection, though structured cabling standards do not require it, except in the demarcation wall field.

Cabling standards demand that all eight connectors in Cat5/5e/6 cable are connected, resisting the temptation to ‘double-up’ or use one cable for both voice and data